Mexico proposes legal medical marijuana in major shift
Yuri Cortez (AFP/File)
Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto proposed Thursday legalizing medical marijuana and easing restrictions on recreational use, a major policy shift for a government embroiled in an ultra-violent drug war.
"Society and the scientific community have spoken. There was a clear consensus that there are limits to the current focus in which Mexico has dealt with the marijuana issue," Pena Nieto said.
The bill sent to Congress would allow the use of medications made with marijuana or its active ingredients, and it would also increase the amount of the drug that can legally be possessed for personal consumption from five to 28 grams (one ounce).
But his proposal falls short of a full legalization of marijuana as demanded by activists who won a landmark case last year at the Supreme Court, which authorized four individuals to grow and smoke pot.
"Mexicans know very well the scope and limits of the prohibitionist and punitive scheme, and of the so-called war on drugs, which has prevailed for over 40 years at the international level," he said in a speech.
Mexico, a major supplier and transport hub for drug trafficking to the United States, has endured a horrific explosion in cartel violence over the past decade.
More than 100,000 people have been killed or disappeared since Mexican authorities deployed troops to combat drug trafficking in 2006.
"Fortunately, a new global consensus is gradually emerging in favor of a reform of the international drug regime," he said
"With this reform proposal, we take firm steps toward a new paradigm that looks at drugs from the perspective of prevention, health and human rights."
The medical marijuana initiative would allow imports of medicine containing marijuana and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the plant's main psychoactive ingredient.
Such medicine would be subject to strict health controls by the authorities, just as any other legal drug.
The increase in the amount of pot that a person can possess for personal use would be "in line with international standards," Pena Nieto said.
Mexico’s move follows policy shifts across the region.
Canada’s health minister said Thursday that his government would introduce legislation next year to legalize marijuana, while Uruguay in 2013 became the first country in the world to fully legalize marijuana.
In December, the president of Colombia, another country beset by drug violence, signed a decree legalizing medical marijuana.
In the United States -- the biggest consumer of drugs from Mexico -- 23 states have legalized medical marijuana use while four states plus the US capital city have legalized its recreational use.
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But Pena Nieto's initiative was welcomed by another pioneer in Mexico's marijuana debate, Raul Elizalde, who won a lower court battle to get authorization to give his young epileptic daughter medical cannabis last year.
"My daughter is a different person. She has improved with the treatment. It has changed our lives," he said.
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