FIFA, the international governing body of association football on Tuesday fined Italy's FIGC soccer federation 27,000 euro ($30,000) after Italian fans made Nazi gestures during the national anthems of the 2018 World Cup qualifying match between Israel and Italy on September 5.
FIFA cited "Inappropriate and discriminatory behavior" from fans as the reason for the fine.
Two Italian football fans were removed from the Sammy Ofer Stadium in Haifa during the match for making the gestures.
Some Italian supporters were also filmed booing during the Israeli national anthem others were seen jeering and spitting at religious Jewish fans.
President of the Italian Football Federation Carlo Tavecchio called the Israeli ambassador to Italy Francesco Maria Talo, and condemned the behavior, adding that he hoped "the relevant authorities can determine as soon as possible what happened and identify those responsible."
The match ended with Israel's defeat 3-1 by the Italians.
Anti-Semitic and anti-Israel incidents are not infrequent in the world of football.
In September of 2014, just days after Israel's summer war with Hamas ended, the Scottish Celtic club was fined for its fans waving Palestinian flags at a match against Iceland's KR Reykjavik.
In August the UEFA, European football's governing body, charged the Celtic again for displaying "illicit banners" during Game 1 of the first qualifying round for the Champions League.
Fans of the Scottish club, who were up against Israeli champions Hapoel Beer Sheva, turned up at the stadium with dozens of Palestinian flags which they held aloft in the stands during the match.