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Argentina's President Macri on course for mid-term poll boost

Argentinian President Mauricio Macri gestures after casting his vote during the legislative election, in Buenos Aires, a key mid-term test of strength for his conservative government
EITAN ABRAMOVICH (AFP)
'Today we confirmed our commitment to change, a President Macri told supporters in Buenos Aires.

Argentina's President Mauricio Macri's center-right coalition was on course to win crucial mid-term elections Sunday and emerge with a strengthened hand to carry through pro-market economic reforms, according to partial results.

"It's an unforgettable day. Today we confirmed our commitment to change," a triumphant Macri told supporters in Buenos Aires.

Ex-president Cristina Kirchner took a seat in the Senate, despite trailing Macri candidate Esteban Bullrich in the key province of Buenos Aires, an area the size of Italy. 

It marks a return to the political fray for the 64-year-old Kirchner and her new Unidad Ciudadana or "Citizen's Unity" party, and guarantees her parliamentary immunity from a string of corruption charges.

"We must be proud of this result. Unidad Ciudadana has emerged as the strongest opposition to this government," Kirchner told her supporters.

Macri's Cambiemos, or "Let's Change," coalition was leading in 14 of Argentina's 23 provinces, as well as in the capital Buenos Aires, according to partial results released by the central electoral authority late Sunday.

Sunday's vote, with an official turnout of 78 percent, was widely seen as a referendum on Macri after two years in office, in which he was seeking a mandate to further overhaul of an ailing G20 economy.

Macri has so far managed to push through a painful reform program with the help of allies, despite having only 87 seats in the 257-seat lower house of Congress and 15 of 72 senate seats.

Argentina's TN television projected Cambiemos to gain 21 seats to take their representation in Congress to 108, which would be enough to deprive the opposition of a two-thirds majority to block Macri's reforms, though still fall well short of an overall majority. 

Aside from Buenos Aires province and city, Cambiemos candidates also polled strongly across the other major electoral centers -- Cordoba, Mendoza and Santa Fe.

Half of the Congress seats and a third of the Senate's were being contested in Sunday's vote.

Kirchner's campaign pitch has been to promise to "put the brakes on" Macri's cuts in tariffs on agricultural exports, deficit spending and loosening of labor laws.

Macri appealed to voters to "not return to the past," attacking his predecessor's populist policies.

"I voted for the government candidates. I'm far from being convinced but I voted Macri in 2015. The most important thing is that Kirchner doesn't come back," said teacher Sergio Peroti, 48, after voting in a school in the capital.

Macri's Cambiemos is an alliance of parties of the right, center-right and social democrats of the historic Radical Civic Union.

Despite not having a legislative majority, Macri has been able to get laws passed by striking deals with Kirchner's enemies in the Peronist movement and with governors who depend on federal funds to finance their budgets.

Corruption      

Eitan ABRAMOVICH (AFP)            

Macri's first year in office was marked by a 30 percent devaluation of the national currency and a 2.3 percent contraction of the economy.

But the economy has begun to recover, posting 1.6 percent growth in the first half of the year.

However, growth remains below the levels reached before 2010 under the back-to-back husband-and-wife governments of Nestor and Cristina Kirchner, in power from 2003 to 2015.

Macri has gained support for his economic reforms from the United States, the European Union and international lending institutions. He was showered with praise at a recent forum of Argentine business leaders.

Macri is an engineer by profession from a wealthy family that founded a business empire. His launching pad into politics was his chairmanship of the Boca Juniors football club, which won numerous local and international titles under his leadership.

Kirchner, on the other hand, is a former militant in the most combative Peronist factions during the difficult 1970s, when the country was run by a repressive military dictatorship. Her politics moderated with the return of democracy in Argentina.

She has been prosecuted for alleged corruption in office, but she insists she is the victim of political persecution.

Macri also has faced accusations stemming from the "Panama Papers" scandal, which revealed the rich and powerful's use of offshore accounts to secretly move money and evade taxes. But the complaint against him was quickly dismissed.

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